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Definitions Page 10

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A to C Pathway
angular velocity
athletic position
back foot
back hip commitment
backside collapse
backside hitting
backside under you
balance, dynamic
balance, static
barred arm
barrel above hands
barrel up
bat angle
bat, flat
bat, horizontal
bat mass (weight)
bat path

bat selection
bat speed
bat, vertical
batters box
bisect the head
bottom hand
bottom hand pulls
bunt, drag
bunt, push
bunt, sacrifice
bunt, suicide squeeze
center of gravity
centering, fine
centering, soft
chicken wing
cocking the barrel
contact hitter
contact point
count, hitters
count, neutral
count, pitchers
delaying action
drag backfoot
dropping the barrel
elbow to belly button
elbow, high back
elbow, high front
elbow, lift back
elbows down
eye dominance
finish, high
five eyes on pitcher
form an “A”
form an "L"
front foot
front shoulder down & in
front side
front side collapse
front side, firm
front side, weight against
front side, weight over
grip, choked
grip in fingers
grip in palms
hand path
hand, bottom
hand dominance
hand, top
hand position
hand-eye coordination
hands away
hands, hide the
hands, high
hands, low
hands, barrel above
hands, dead
hands inside the ball
hands, noisy
hands, quiet
hands outside the ball
happy zone
hard inside, soft away
head position
head still
head flies out
head movement
hips under you
hips rotate
hit and run
hit the inside of ball
hitch position
hitter, dead stop
home plate
kinetic energy
knob to the ball
launch position
line drive
linear transfer method
load, bat
load, inward turn
load the knob
load, no
load, preloaded
load, reverse C
load, tiny circles
longitudinal axis
maintain angle
mash the bug
mechanical couple
muscle memory
off-speed pitch
number knuckles
on your heels
opposite field
palm-up, palm down
pivot on back foot
plate coverage
power base
premature extension
quiet eyes
release point
rotational method
short front arm
shoulder to shoulder
shoulder, high front
stance, close your
stance, closed
stance, open your
stance, opened
stance, parallel
stance, pigeon-toed
stance, square
stance, widen your
step in the bucket
stepping on ice
stride closed
stride, developing a
stride, direction
stride, length
stride, no-stride
stride, opened
stride, overstride
stride, toe closed
stride, toe open
swing, compact
swing length
swing, long
swing, short
swing, looping
swing, inside-out
swing, outside-in
swing, sweeping
swing, round
swing, uppercut
swing, wood chopper
take a strike
time, movement
time, reaction
time, response
top hand
top hand, hanging
top hand push
top hand release
top hand too early
top hand, too little
under the hands
up the middle
weight shift
weight transfer
weight forward
weight on front side
weight on heels
weight distribution
wrapping the barrel
wrist roller
wrists cocked
wrists flat
wrists, roll



top hand too early:
A condition where the top hand starts pushing hard right from the launch position. This conditon artificially raises the barrel, shortening the radius of the swing through impact. The results are an over the top, chopping swing path, driving the ball downward to a hitters pull side.
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top hand, too little: A condition where the bottom hand is dominant in the swing because of lack of top hand action. This usually results in a weak inside out path with the barrel lagging behind.

torque: A twisting or rotary action when a force is applied outside the center of the body. (see horizontal bat)

trigger: A term used to initiate an action to follow, such as a trigger to begin the swing. It is used along with the terms “load” or “cocking”.

under the hands: A location pitchers try to throw hitters near the axis of rotation of the swing. Hitters with long, sweeping swings are vulnerable to being jammed, if they don’t get the bat head out front to make contact. Shortening the front arm and trying to keep the hands inside the ball are methods used by good hitters to get the bat head through to contact quicker, reducing the chances of being jammed.
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up the middle: A term used to describe a general location between the shortstop and second basemen extending to centerfield.

visualization: A mental picture of an action or event to take place in the future which can be either positive (seeing yourself with a game winning hit) or negative, (seeing yourself striking out to end the game with runners in scoring position). This term can also refer to the act of seeing the pitch.

weight: A term used to describe the amount of force that gravity is exerting on a object. The more massive the object, the more gravitational forces pull on it, thus it weighs more or is heavier. In hitting terms, we look at the position these forces are in relation to our base, or specifically our feet.

weight distribution: This term is used to designate the amount of weight that is being placed on each foot in the stance. Weight equally on both feet would be described as 50-50. Slightly more weight on the backfoot could be described as possibly 60-40. These are only estimates, however, this can be accurately measured in a lab.
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weight forward: Refers to the weight on the balls of the feet. A simple way to move the weight forward is to lean your upper body forward, bending at the waist, while keeping your legs straight. You will feel the weight move to the balls of your feet. Now soften your knees (bend a little) and raise your upper body. Another way is to spring up into the air, landing softly on the balls of your feet with the knees slightly flexed and feet outside your shoulders. Either method will move the weight forward.
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weight on front side: This phrase describes a hitter whose weight shift has already occured. Using offspeed pitches, pitchers attempt to destroy hitter’s timing by getting their weight out on the front side, making it more difficult to drive the ball with authority.
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weight on heels: Refers to the weight being located back on the heels instead of forward, on the balls of the feet.

weight shift: A term used to describe the weight moving from our backside to the frontside. This movement provides a linear component to the swing, which adds to the force generated, resulting in greater batspeed.
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Click Red Dot for Drills to Develop Weight Transfer

weight transfer: see weight shift and

wrapping the barrel: A term that describes an excessive bat load at the top, extending well beyond the hitters head pointing back toward the pitcher. Wrapping adds to swing length, requiring the swing to start earlier.
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Click Red Dot for Drills to Correct Wrapping

wrist roller: A term given to a hitter whose wrists begin to roll prematurely. At contact, the hands should be in a palm-up palm-down position. The barrel continues to move forward, extending through contact, as the back elbow straightens. Some instructors refer to this as and “extended lock” position. This position normally occurs well 1-2 feet past contact. After the complete extension of both arms and the bat have occured delete, well past contact, do the wrists roll, or turnover occurs. This will happen naturally in most cases if the hitter continues with the follow through and finish. A wrist roller begins this turnover too early, placing the back of the bottom hand and palm of the top hand toward the pitcher. This causes the barrel to lift as they roll and puts the hands in a weak position at contact.
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Click Red Dot for Drills to Develop the Bottom Hand

wrists cocked: A term used to describe flexion in the back of the wrists. This occurs naturally when the bat is out in the fingers and elbows are down and relaxed. This term can also mean a setting of the wrists as the hands and bat load, so they can be forcibly unleashed through contact.
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wrists flat: A term that describes the back of the wrists having no angle, or cock. This diminishes the ability to use the hands in the swing, and can cause a reduction in bat speed.
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wrists, roll: See wrist roller.


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